Nuclear Energy and Climate Change
Nuclear energy is a vital component of a clean energy strategy. Currently nuclear generation avoids the emission of over two billion tonnes of carbon dioxide each year.
Nuclear energy can address the competing needs for greenhouse gas emissions reduction, economic development and energy security. A wider deployment of nuclear power will reduce the cost of achieving emissions reductions, and increase the chances of meeting our climate change objectives. Nuclear is recognized as a crucial mitigation technology and many countries are planning to use nuclear generation to meet their emission reduction and energy supply objectives.
Nuclear power plants are able to supply large quanities of low carbon electricity predictably and reliably.
Using nuclear energy as part of a combination of low carbon generation technologies is a proven way of bringing the carbon content of electricity generation down to the levels that will be needed to reach the objectives of the United Nation's Paris Agreement on climate change. Countries such as France, Sweden, Switzerland and Brazil, along with regions such as Ontario, have decarbonised their electricity supplies by using nuclear generation alongside other low carbon sources.
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