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Government Structure and Ownership

Nuclear Power in China Appendix 1

(Updated September 2014)

Ministries and Commissions are at the top level under the State Council; Administrations and Bureaus are under these. The national utility companies are largely or wholly state-owned. As well as these high-level entities, there are specialist service companies with national scope, listed in the second section of this page. Below these are listed the owner companies relevant to each power plant or project.

Under the State Council, the top-level ministries, commissions, etc relevant to nuclear power are: SASAC, MIIT (not listed here, see SASTIND), NDRC, MEP and to a minor extent, MOST.

National organisations and utilities

State-owned Assets Supervision & Administration Commission 

The State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) of the State Council (www.sasac.gov.cn) was founded in 2003 to take over the responsibilities of the former State Economic and Trade Commission as investor of state-owned assets on behalf of the central government and in guiding state-owned enterprises' reform and management. It aims to speed up restructuring of state- owned economy and push forward reform of state-owned enterprises, as well as harvesting dividends from them. At the end of 2011, SASAC controlled 120 state enterprises with some $3700 billion in assets. These included the top two or three in each sector, which gives SASAC great political and economic power. SASAC has a major role in nuclear power expansion, along with the NDRC, and supervises CNNC and CGN. [Index]

State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence

The State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence (SASTIND) was set up by merger in 2008 under the Ministry for Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) and supervises defence, aeronautics and nuclear energy. The CAEA is its nuclear arm, which complements the role of NEA under NDRC, and has a national Nuclear Emergency Office.

In 2014 SASTIND and the General Staff HQ of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) jointly set up a response team for nuclear emergencies. It is to respond to 'serious nuclear accidents in complicated circumstances’ where the relevant provincial nuclear emergency commission is insufficient. [Index]

National Development and Reform Commission 

The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC, www.ndrc.gov.cn) is the macroeconomic management agency directly under the State Council. It has been finally responsible for assessment and approval of major projects, and is responsible for deciding which major nuclear power projects proceed, and when. However, the reforms early in 2008 mean SASAC is the primary body approving new projects, with formal approval from NDRC following. [Index]

China Atomic Energy Authority 

Under the control of the State Administration for Science, Technology & Industry for National Defence (STASTIND), the China Atomic Energy Authority (CAEA, www.caea.gov.cn) is responsible for planning and managing the peaceful use of nuclear energy and promoting international cooperation. Since being split from the old China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) in 1998, CAEA became the key body planning and managing civil nuclear energy and reviewing and approving feasibility studies for new plants. However, after the 2008 high-level changes its role was restricted to technical aspects nuclear fuel cycle and (with MOST) in the Gen IV international forum (GIF). It is responsible for the security of nuclear materials in collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), under the Ministry of Public Security, and for emergency response planning. [Index

National Energy Commission, National Energy Administration 

In March 2008, a new National Energy Commission (NEC) was announced to replace the National Energy Leading Group, an advisory and coordination body directly under the State Council. It will draft a national energy development strategy complete with various programs and then monitor and implement its execution. At the same time the new National Energy Administration (NEA) was set up to strengthen government management of the energy sector and implement NEC policy. It is a second tier ministry under the NDRC and replaces the State Energy Bureau under NDRC, which had been ineffective. Its nine departments, including one planning nuclear and thermal power development, work to integrate NDRC's energy management functions, promote favoured forms of energy and encourage conservation. It is not clear how it relates to other national energy entities, but its first announcement was that nuclear energy should provide significantly more power by 2020 than previously planned. The NDRC-NEC-NEA arrangement is seen as a political compromise and alternative to an Energy Ministry with clearer authority. [Index]

National Nuclear Safety Administration 

The National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA) under the CAEA was set up in 1984 and is the licensing and regulatory body which also maintains international agreements regarding safety. While it already reported to the State Council directly, in January 2011, the State Council Research Office recommended: "The NNSA should be an entity directly under the State Council Bureau, making it an independent regulatory body with authority." It is administered by the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP), and the head of NNSA has the rank of Vice Minister of MEP. NNSA certifies companies for design, manufacture, installation and non-destructive Inspection of civilian nuclear safety equipment, as well as certifying personnel qualification and imported equipment. It is responsible for radiological protection.

At the Second China-US Strategic Economic Dialogue held in Washington in May 2007, a memorandum of understanding between the NNSA and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission was signed regarding Westinghouse's AP1000 reactor design. The long-standing protocol on nuclear safety cooperation between the two countries was revised to take account of the introduction of the AP1000 and signed in January 2008. Under the revised protocol, the NRC will provide support for safety regulations and standards for the AP1000 design, as well as provide training for NNSA personnel. 

In May 2014 the NNSA signed an agreement on the regulation of nuclear power and radiation safety with the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. This is to share experience on the effective regulation and oversight of nuclear safety, as well as best practices in licensing and oversight of civil nuclear facilities. The agreement also foresees co-operation on nuclear safety research and the development of international legal frameworks

In December 2013 the NNSA with its Japanese and South Korean counterparts agreed to form a network to cooperate on nuclear safety and quickly exchange information in nuclear emergencies. In addition to exchanging information on nuclear accidents, the three countries will share standard information such as safety plans. [Index]

Ministry of Environmental Protection 

The Ministry of Environmental Protection, (MEP) is directly under the State Council and is responsible for radiological monitoring and radioactive waste management and for administration of the NNSA. Its mission includes “the supervision and administration of nuclear and radiation safety”, including policies, laws, regulations and standards, and to monitor and administer “the safety and security of nuclear facilities and radioactive sources”. Also “Supervise and administrate the regulation of nuclear materials and the safety of design, manufacture, installation and damage-free test of civil nuclear safety equipment”. A utility proposing a new plant submits feasibility studies to the CAEA, siting proposals to the NNSA and environmental studies to MEP itself.   MEP until 2008 was the State Environment Protection Administration (SEPA). [Index]

Ministry of Science & Technology 

Planning for major nuclear energy research projects is the responsibility of the Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST). MOST is responsible for drafting the National Basic Research Program, the National High-tech R&D Program and the S&T Enabling Program. With CAEA it participates in the Gen IV International Forum (GIF). [Index]

China State Power Corporation 

To end its monopoly, and separate generation from transmission, the CSPC was broken up in December 2002 into 11 smaller companies including five major generators – Datang, Guodian, Huadian, Huaneng and CPI – and two grid companies – State Grid Corporation and China Southern Power Grid Corporation. All these are described below. CSPC no longer exists. [Index]

China Nuclear Industry Alliance

In January 2014 CNNC, CGN, SNPTC and a number of supporting entities formed the China Nuclear Industry Alliance, or Union, as directed by the government to achieve some synergy and show apparent harmony. This is “an industry self-regulatory organization”, unincorporated, and designed to eliminate detrimental or unseemly competition in export markets. The NEA will be closely involved, and the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Commerce, SASAC and NNSA will keep closely in touch with it. [Index]

State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation 

The State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation (SNPTC, www.snptc.com.cn) was set up in 2004 to take charge of technology selection for new plants being bid from overseas. This is through its Preparatory Office which draws expertise from other organizations such as CGNPC. SNPTC is directly under China's State Council and closely connected with it, being owned 60% by the State Council and with 10% of shares owned by each of CNNC, CPI, CGN, and China National Technical Import & Export Corp. Early in 2007, SNERDI (see below) was removed from CNNC control and assigned to SNPTC as an R&D arm, boosting its stature considerably. In mid-2014 discussions were proceeding towards merging SNPTC with CPI. [Index]

China National Nuclear Corporation

The China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC, www.cnnc.com.cn) controls most nuclear sector business including R&D, engineering design, uranium exploration and mining, enrichment, fuel fabrication, reprocessing and waste disposal. It also claims to be the major investor in all nuclear plants in China. Established by the State Council in 1988 as a self-supporting economic entity, it "combines military production with civilian production, taking nuclear industry as the basis while developing nuclear power and promoting a diversified economy." It has numerous subsidiaries. CNNC designed and built Qinshan Phases I and II, and controls the full Qinshan power plant. It has a payroll of about 1,000,000 and owns shares in many of the nuclear power generation projects (see below). In particular it is a champion of local designs. 

CNNC has a controlling interest in CNNC International (CNNC Int’l) which was listed on the Hong Kong stock exchange in 2003. Its immediate holding company is CNNC Overseas Uranium Holding Limited (CNNC Overseas, with 66.72% equity in it). This in turn is a wholly owned subsidiary of China National Uranium Corporation Limited (CUC), under CNNC. See entries below. [Index]

China National Nuclear Power Co

In a restructure of CNNC at the end of 2011, China National Nuclear Power Co Ltd (CNNP), set up in 2008, became developer, owner and operator of existing plants having major CNNC ownership, with CNNC holding more than 90% equity in CNNP. Its focus seems to be on management and operation of plants. In June 2012 it won approval from the environment ministry to raise about CNY 50 billion by an Initial Public Offering (IPO) on the Shanghai stock exchange, towards funding CNY 174 billion ($27.4 billion) construction of five nuclear power projects in the Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian and Hainan provinces. Approval from the China Securities Regulatory Commission under the State Council was obtained in January 2013. In 2014 CNNP published a draft prospectus to raise CNY 16.25 billion ($2.6 billion) in its first IPO to help finance ten units: Fuqing 1&2, Fuqing 3&4, Sanmen 1&2, Changjiang 1&2, and Tianwan 3&4. The balance of funding would be from loans. 

CNNP is effectively a branch of CNNC, along with mining, enrichment, fuel fabrication, R&D, engineering, etc. [Index]

China General Nuclear Power Group 

The China General Nuclear Power Group (CGN) plays a leading role in Guangdong province and now more widely, as reflected in its name change in May 2013 from China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group. It comprises some 20 companies with gross assets early in 2013 of CNY 269 billion ($43.7 billion) and generating capacity of 7200 MWe. China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Company (CGNPC, www.cgnpc.com.cn) leads this group, which is responsible for Daya Bay, Ling Ao, Yangjiang, Hongyanhe and Ningde power stations, as well as further projects in the province and outside it. CGNPC was established in 1994 and was 45% owned by the provincial government, 45% by CNNC and 10% by CPI. Despite its relative independence it was "under the supervision of" SASAC.

In September 2012, State Council decreed that CGN should be reconstituted, with the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) to hold 82%, Guangdong province only 10% and CNNC 8%. However, this change – particularly the transfer of 35% share from Guangdong province to SASAC – was not settled until late 2013 or early 2014. CGN headquarters is being moved from Shenzhen to Beijing in 2014, though most of the staff will stay in Shenzhen.

CGN is planning to launch two initial public offerings (IPO) in Shanghai and Hong Kong in 2014 to raise some CNY 20 billion ($3.3 billion). CGN Electric Power Ltd was set up in March 2014. The $2 billion Hong Kong IPO is being handled by China International Capital and Deutsche Bank. CGN's total assets are expected to grow to CNY 450 billion (US$73 million) in 2015, and CNY 1 trillion (US$162 million) by 2020, according to state media reports. CGN Power Co was also set up in March 2014 with registered capital of CNY 39.5 ($6.36 billion) and 85.1% CGN equity, 10% Guangdong Hengjiang Investment Holding Co and 4.9% CNNC. CGN Power is planning to list later in 2014 to raise funds for nuclear plant construction.

In mid-2014 the CGN European Energy Co was set up in Paris as the CGN platform to expand business in Europe, particularly with renewable energy.

There is 25% Hong Kong (China Light & Power) equity in the Daya Bay nuclear power plant, and discussion regarding CLP equity in the Yangjiang plant. [Index]

China Power Investment Corporation 

China Power Investment Corporation (CPI, www.cpicorp.com.cn), is one of five state-owned power generation holding companies formed from the State Power Corporation in 2002 and inheriting all its nuclear capacity. It is a major power generator (controlling 54 GWe at the end of 2009, including only 1351 MWe nuclear) and is the largest state-owned power holding company with nuclear assets. It was at the forefront of discussions on plants for the 11th Five-Year Plan (2006-10). In mid-2014 discussions were proceeding towards merging CPI with SNPTC.

CPI owns 19 operating power plants above 1000 MWe each, a majority of Shandong Haiyang nuclear power project, 45% of the first phase of Liaoning Hongyanhe nuclear power project, and holds minority shares in five nuclear power plants in operation, and three under construction. It is carrying out preparation for nuclear power projects in Guangxi, Liaoning, Hunan, Jilin and Chongqing.

CPI's wholly-owned subsidiary, CPI Development Corporation, was listed on the Hong Kong exchange in 2004. It also owns Shanghai Electric Power Co. Ltd, Shanxi Zhangze Electric Power Co. Ltd, Chongqing Jiulong Electric Power Co. Ltd, Jilin Electric Power Co. Ltd, and Wuling Electric Power Development Corporation as well as China Power International Holding Ltd. registered in Hong Kong, through which CPI indirectly owns China Power Development Ltd. listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and China-Hong Kong Power Development Ltd. supplying power for Hong Kong. It also owns China Power Complete Equipment Company Ltd., supplying and servicing power equipment. [Index]

China Huaneng Group 

China Huaneng Group (CHNG, www.chng.com.cn/eng) was formed from the State Power Corporation in 2002 as one of five major generators, and it has about 138 GWe in operation, none of it nuclear. It has formed links with both CNNC and CGN. It is an independent state-owned but incorporated business entity focused on power generation. CHNG is the fourth Chinese central enterprise to obtain qualification for nuclear power development. It had a 49% stake in the Changjiang nuclear plant but transferred this to Huaneng Power International in December 2010. It has 5% of Haiyang project. CHNG is listed on the Shanghai, Hong Kong and Nasdaq stock exchanges. [Index]

Huaneng International Power Development Corporation 

Huaneng International Power Development Corporation (HIPDC) is a sino-foreign JV company owned 52% directly and 5% indirectly by China Huaneng Group and set up to develop, construct and operate power plants in China. [Index]

Huaneng Power International

Huaneng Power International (HPI, www.hpi.com.cn) is a sino-foreign joint stock company incorporated in China. HIPDC has a 36% direct shareholding in it, CHNG holds 11%, and another CHNG company Hongkong Co holds 3.7% – total 50.9% CHNG control. HPI is the country's largest listed generator. It develops, constructs, operates and manages large-scale power plants nationwide. It claims to be "one of the largest independent electricity power suppliers in China, [in late 2009] owning a generation capacity of 40,975 MW on equity basis." China Huaneng is focused on Shidaowan development, with HTR demonstration plant and six large PWRs – starting with two demonstration CAP1400 units. HPI now has 49% equity in Hainan Nuclear Power, which is building the Changjiang plant. [Index]

China Huadian Corp

China Huadian (CHD) is one of the five state-owned power generation holding companies formed from the State Power Corporation in 2002. At the end of 2009 it had 77 GWe of capacity, mostly coal-fired from which it produced 300 TWh in that year. It is China’s third largest generator. It has 49 or 45% equity in the Fuqing plant, with CNNC, and minor equity in Sanmen. [Index]

Huadian Power International

CHD 47% subsidiary Huadian Power International Co Ltd (HDPI) is a joint stock company listed in Hong Kong in 1999 and Shanghai in 2005, with 25.8 GWe capacity at the end of 2011. It is identified as having plans to build four AP1000 units at Xiangtan in Hunan province and also the Donggang nuclear plant in Liaoning. It also has 45% equity in the Fuqing plant, with CNNC. [Index]

China Datang Corporation 

Datang Corporation (www.china-cdt.com) is one of the five large generating companies formed from the State Power Corporation (CSPC) in 2002. It has 44% stake in phase one (four units) of the Ningde nuclear power project in Fujian province, and 20% of Xudabao/ Xudapu in Liaoning. [Index]

China Guodian Corporation 

Guodian Corporation (www.cgdc.com.cn) is another of the five large generating companies set up in 2002 and now controlling 82 GWe of capacity. Its subsidiary GD Power Development Co Ltd was set up in 1992 and listed on the Shanghai stock exchange in 1997. China Guodian Corp has 5% equity in Shandong Nuclear Power Company Ltd which is building the Haiyang nuclear plant. It has signed a strategic cooperation agreement with CNNC and will have equity in Zhangzhou SMR project and a 6-unit AP1000 project there (Fujian province) and Hengyang (Hunan), as well as a stake in Jingyu nuclear power project proposed in Jilin province, with CPI. It is also linked with CGNPC in developing Changchun and Liangjiashan in Jilin province. China Guodian is the largest wind power operator in Asia and fifth largest in the world.

The NDRC has announced that China Guodian will invest CNY 20 billion ($2.9 billion) on power projects in Hunan province within three to five years from 2009, possibly including a major stake in CNNC's Taohuajiang plant. [Index]

CNNC New Energy Corporation 

China New Energy Co Ltd (CNEC) is a joint venture of CNNC (51%) and China Guodian Corp, launched in April 2011 to promote small reactor technologies. It will focus on R&D for small modular units with a view to applications in industry and desalination as well as power generation. It plans to build two small modular integrated ACP100 reactors in Putian county, Zhangzhou city, at the south of Fujian province, near Xiamen. This will be the CNY 5 billion ($788 million) phase 1 of a larger project. CNNC-CNEC has also signed  agreements for ACP100 reactors with Hengfeng county, Shangrao city, and Ningdu county, Ganzhou city, both in Jiangxi province. Export potential is envisaged. [Index]

China Three Gorges Group 

China Yangtze Three Gorges Corporation (China Three Gorges Group, CTG) was established in 1993 as China Yangtze Three Gorges Project Development Corp to build the eponymous project, commissioned over 2008-12, and which is now owned and managed by CYPC. It is a major energy company with assets of CNY 281 billion in 2009, controlled by SASAC. CTG is part of China’s export strategy and aims to have more than a quarter of its profits from overseas projects, some of these build-own-transfer (BOT) ones rather than simply construction.

In August 2014 CNNC and CTG signed a strategic cooperation agreement to invest in domestic nuclear power projects, and to promote the planned inland Taohuajiang plant in Hunan province. CTG already holds 20% of the project company CNNC Hunan Taohuajiang Nuclear Power Co Ltd (with CNNC 50%), but the new agreement signals its full entry into nuclear power. In addition, CYPC has agreed to invest in the nuclear power supply chain, including participating in CNNC's nuclear fuel operations. Both parties are to collaborate in nuclear R&D, and promote development and construction of the demonstration fast reactor. Collaboration domestically will be between subsidiaries CNNP and CYPC, while international nuclear and hydropower goals would be pursued at higher level. [Index]

China Yangtze Power 

China Yangtze Power Co Ltd (CYPC) was set up in 2002 and listed in 2003 on Shanghai exchange as a subsidiary of China Three Gorges Corporation (CTG). It is the largest listed hydropower company, with minor Huaneng and CNNC equity. It owns the Three Gorges and Gezhouba hydropower plants, total 25.3 GWe, and operates Xiloudu and Xiangjiaba hydro plants. In September 2010 CYPC invested in EuroSibEnergo, a large private Russian hydro company, to explore the potential for importing Siberian hydro power. In December 2010 China Yangtze Power International (Hongkong) Co. Ltd. was set up as a platform for overseas investment. [Index]

Research Institute for Nuclear Power Operations 

The Research Institute for Nuclear Power Operations (www.rinpo.com) at Wuhan, Hubei, was set up in 1982 and is under CNNC. It is the sole scientific organization dedicated to nuclear power operational research and technical services in China. It has design roles as well as in-service inspection of plants and assessment of their operation. [Index]

China Nuclear Energy Association 

The China Nuclear Energy Association (CNEA, www.china-nea.cn/html/About_CNEA/index.html ) was set up with State Council agreement in 2007 as a trade association. Its role includes support for improving safety, reliability and economics of nuclear energy utilization. As well as some government liaison and carrying out studies, it organizes peer reviews for operational power plants and assessment of those under construction. It aims to help build safety culture and trains staff. It has membership of over 300 enterprises involved in the whole fuel cycle and its infrastructure. [Index]

Specialist service companies with national scope

State Nuclear Demonstration Company 

The State Nuclear Demonstration Co was set up in December 2009 by SNPTC (55%) and China Huaneng Group (CHNG, 45%) to take charge of the project to develop the indigenous and exportable CAP1400 reactor, based on Westinghouse's AP1000. Construction of the first reactor at Shidaowan, Rongcheng city, Shandong was to commence in April 2013, for December 2017 start-up. The State Nuclear Power Engineering Company (SNPEC) is doing the engineering under a team from the Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute (SNERDI), the Shandong Electric Power Engineering Consulting Institute (SEPECI), and the State Nuclear Power Equipment Manufacturing Company (SNPEMC) which will make the components. A 1700 MWe version is being considered under the same corporate structure. [Index]

State Nuclear Power Automation System Engineering Company

Westinghouse has set up an arrangement for the State Nuclear Power Automation System Engineering Company (SNPAS) to be the general contractor to provide I&C systems for China's AP1000 reactors. SNPAS is a joint venture of the State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation (SNPTC) and Shanghai Automation Instrumentation Corporation Ltd (SAIC), and supplies I&C systems and equipment to the owners of both initial AP1000 plants. The company is also developing the I&C system for China's own large-scale advanced PWRs. [Index]

SNPTC-WEC Nuclear Power Technical Services

SNPTC-WEC Nuclear Power Technical Services (Beijing) Co Ltd was set up in May 2013 as a joint venture of SNPTC and Westinghouse to develop the global AP1000 supply chain. It will initially assist Chinese manufacturing companies in meeting quality and safety standards for supplying equipment and components for AP1000 plants in the country's build program, but in the longer term it aims to help qualified Chinese suppliers export their products around the world, as well as assist global suppliers in importing their parts to China. [Index]

China Nuclear Fuel Element Co

The China Nuclear Fuel Element Co (CNFEC) is a joint venture of CGN and CNNC. It planned to set up a fuel complex at Heshan Nuclear Power Industry Park at Daying Industrial Park at Zishan town in Heshan and Jiangmen city, Guangdong province. This is to involve fuel fabrication as well as a conversion plant and enrichment plant, and is close to CGN’s Taishan power plant. However, plans for that Daying site have been cancelled. [Index]

CNNC Nuclear Energy Power Co

CNNC Nuclear Energy Power Co was launched in 2010 as CNNC Nuclear Power Co Ltd as a subsidiary of CNNC. Its services include nuclear power investment and financing, nuclear power plant operation management, nuclear power technology research, technical service and consultation, and new energy development. In January 2012 it signed a long-term agreement for nuclear fuel supply with China Nuclear Fuel Co Ltd. CNNC had planned to list the company in 2011, but this apparently did not occur. [Index]

China Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation 

The China Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation (CNEIC) is a high-level CNNC subsidiary established in 1980 as a trading company authorized to carry out import and export trade of uranium products, nuclear fuel cycle and nuclear power and technology equipment. It acted as agent in establishing Qinshan and Tianwan power plants, and signed for the BN-800 fast reactor technology from Russia. It is responsible for uranium imports from Areva, Cameco and Kazakhstan particularly. [Index]

CNNC Geology & Mining Department

CNNC Geology & Mining Department (CNGM) is a high-level part of the CNNC group, responsible for exploration in China and abroad, through China National Uranium Corp (CUC). [Index]

China National Uranium Corporation

China National Uranium Corporation (CUC) has two branches, one responsible for CNNC’s uranium mining and exploration domestically, and another branch focused internationally. It is under CNNC Geology & Mining Department (CNGM). A subsidiary is CNNC Overseas Uranium Holding Ltd (CNNC Overseas), which in turn holds 66.72% of CNNC International Ltd (CNNC Int’l). Through these, CUC is described as an important member of CNNC, responsible for the overseas uranium resources development. [Index]

China Nuclear International Uranium Corporation (SinoU)

In December 2006, China Nuclear International Uranium Corporation Ltd (Sino-Uranium or SinoU), was set up by CNNC and registered in the Cayman Islands as a vehicle to acquire uranium resources internationally, as well as undertaking exploration, development and uranium production abroad.1In about 2014 it was consolidated into China National Uranium Corp Ltd (CUC) under CNNC, as its international part. [Index]

CNNC Overseas Uranium Holding

CNNC Overseas Uranium Holding Ltd (CNNC Overseas) in 2014 bought 25% of Paladin’s Langer Heinrich mine in Namibia in a joint venture arrangement, and holds 66.72% of CNNC International Ltd (CNNC Int’l). It is a subsidiary of China National Uranium Corp Ltd (CUC) under CNNC. [Index]

CNNC International

A wholly-owned Hong Kong subsidiary of CNNC was CNNC Overseas Uranium Holding Ltd, which in mid-2008 bought a 75% interest in United Metals Holdings, a listed Hong Kong company and changed its name to CNNC International Ltd (CNNC Int'l). This in 2009 bought the (Canadian) Western Prospector Group Ltd with interests in Mongolia, and in 2010 took over its parent’s, CNNC Overseas', 37% equity in SOMINA JV with Azelik mine in Niger. CNNC Int’l Group is now in charge of international equity of CNNC regarding uranium. It plans to raise funds in international financial markets to support overseas uranium resource development. [Index]

Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology

BRIUG was set up in 1959 as the national uranium research and exploration body. It is "supported by CNNC" and is responsible for much of the uranium exploration in China. It is also investigating overseas prospects, and has signed an agreement with Sinomine Resource Exploration Co., Ltd (SREC) in relation to Zambia. BRIUG is also involved with R&D on high-level radioactive waste disposal. [Index]

Sinosteel

Sinosteel Corporation is another state-owned entity with equity in an Australian uranium explorer and 60% joint venturer with it in developing a mine, hoping to sell the product to the Chinese nuclear industry. [Index]

China Nuclear Fuel Corporation, China Jianzhong Nuclear Fuel Co Ltd

China Nuclear Fuel South at Yibin in Sichuan has been a subsidiary of CNNC's China Jianzhong Nuclear Fuel Co Ltd (JNF), and is the main PWR fuel fabricator.

China North Nuclear Fuel Co Ltd was set up in 1998 as a CNNC subsidiary to run a fuel fabrication plant at Baotou in Inner Mongolia. A joint venture centred on it is being formed to progress research on thorium fuel cycle. In January 2012 it became the North Branch of China Nuclear Fuel Co Ltd. [Index]

CNNC Baotau Nuclear Fuel 

CNNC Baotou Nuclear Fuel Co Ltd was set up in Inner Mongolia at the end of 2008 by SNPTC and the two CNNC fuel companies to make fuel for AP1000 reactors. [Index]

CGN Uranium Resources Co

CGNPC Uranium Resources Co Ltd (CGN-URC) was set up in 2006 as a CGNPC entity responsible for mining and purchase of uranium resources, both domestic and imported. (It announced a name change to CGNPC Nuclear Fuel Co Ltd (CGNPC-NFC) in February 2012, to confirm a focus on the whole front end of the fuel cycle, but this did not proceed and the CGN-URC name continues in use.) It will be the vehicle for CGN developing its own front-end fuel cycle facilities.

Early in 2012 CGN-URC, with the China-Africa Development Fund, bought Extract Resources with a major Namibian uranium project for $2.2 billion, through a subsidiary Taurus Minerals. This is now the world’s leading uranium mine development. A related CGNPC subsidiary set up in 2007, Sino-Kazakhstan Uranium Resources Investment Co, has invested in two Kazakh uranium mines managed by Semizbai-U joint venture, following approval from NDRC. CGN-URC has also embarked upon a joint venture (Uz-China Uran LLC) with Uzbekistan's Goskomgeo focused on black shales in the Navoi region of Uzbekistan. 

Within China, in November 2008 CGNPC Uranium (Xinjiang) Co. Ltd., a JV between CGN-URC and Xinjiang Geology and Mineral Resources Bureau, was established. 

In April 2011 CGN-URC signed a series of long-term contracts with CNNC for supply of nuclear fuel assemblies, uranium enrichment and uranium pellets. Early in 2012 it said it was keen to develop links with global nuclear fuel suppliers. [Index]

China Uranium Development Co

China Uranium Development Co Ltd (CUD) is an investment vehicle of CGN-URC buying equity in overseas uranium resources, notably by a 70% takeover of Australian uranium exploration company Energy Metals Limited. [Index]

China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Group 

The China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Corporation (CNECC) is a major state entity split off from CNNC in 1998, incorporated in 1999, and is the major part of China Nuclear Engineering Group, which holds 79.2% of it. China Cinda Asset Management Co holds 14.85%, and Aerospace Capital 4.95%. CNECC’s core business is nuclear project construction (including that in Pakistan), including equipment procurement, trial testing and operational maintenance of nuclear power plants. It has undertaken the construction of nuclear islands of all Chinese nuclear power plants. Its revenue in 2013 was CNY 37.4 billion, with profit of CNY 6.12 billion.

CNECC has five subsidiaries, notably China Nuclear Industry Huaxing Construction Company and China Nuclear Industry No.23 Construction Company (CNI 23) for civil engineering and EPC, China Nuclear Industry No.24 Construction Company (CNI 24) for basic construction, China Nuclear Industry No.5 Construction Company (CNI 5) for installation, and Beijing Huahui Technical Development Co. for software. In 2011 a strategic cooperation agreement was signed with Russia's Nizhny Novgorod Atomenergoproekt (NN AEP). It is closely linked with the Beijing Institute of Nuclear Engineering

In November 2012 the Ministry of Environmental Protection announced that CNECC planned an initial public offering on the Shanghai stock exchange to raise CNY 1.8 billion. A prospectus was published in May 2014. By 2015 the company aims to have the ability construct 40 nuclear islands simultaneously. It will increase its nuclear engineering design and construction capability, and actively participate in global nuclear project construction.  [Index]

China Nuclear Industry Huaxing Construction Co

China Nuclear Industry Huaxing Construction (HXCC) is one of five subsidiaries of CNECC and is a major construction and engineering company and a preferred contractor for CGN which is setting up a CNY 1 billion module base plant near Nanjing in eastern China for pre-assembled structural and equipment modules for CPR-1000 and AP1000 reactors. It claims involvement with most of China's nuclear plant construction, notably Lingao Phase 2, Hongyanhe, Ningde, and Yangjiang (all CPR-1000). CGNPC subsidiary China Nuclear Power Engineering Group Co. Ltd (CNPEC) holds a 13.7% share of HXCC. [Index]

China Nuclear Industry No.5 Construction Co 

China Nuclear Industry 5th Construction (CNI 5) is an installation construction company involved with HXCC in the Haiyang and Sanmen AP1000 projects, and also for Chashma 3 & 4 in Pakistan. [Index]

China Nuclear Industry No.23 Construction Co 

China Nuclear Industry 23rd Construction Company (CNI 23) was set up in 1958 and is the largest engineering company concerned with the installation of nuclear power plants. As an EPC company had a major role in all CPR-1000 projects and Qinshan phase III, and is preferred contractor for CGNPC. Since 2005 it has been involved with the construction of over 30 nuclear units, including the EPRs. [Index]

China Power Engineering Consulting Group Corporation 

The China Power Engineering Consulting Group Corporation (CPECC) includes the East China Electric Design Institute (ECEPDI) which was set up in 1953 and the North China Power Engineering Co Ltd (NCPE). It designs non-nuclear parts of nuclear power plants such as Taohuajiang. [Index]

North China Power Engineering Co

The North China Power Engineering Co Ltd (NCPE) and its Beijing subsidiary were set up in 1998 as part of CPECC from the long-established North China Electric Power Design Institute. NCPE has built some 72 GWe of generation capacity and 18,000 km of transmission lines in China as well as the Minsk-2 thermal power plant in Belarus, and has a contract to build transmission lines to connect the Ostrovets nuclear power plant to the grid. 

Beijing Institute of Nuclear Engineering 

The Beijing Institute of Nuclear Engineering (BINE) is based in the Haidian university precinct north of Beijing and has 1,800 staff. It is a CNNC subsidiary responsible for basic design of reactors although its focus is shifting towards technology planning as new project design moves from BINE to CNECC. [Index]

Chinergy 

Chinergy Co. Ltd was set up as a 50-50 joint venture between Tsinghua Holding Co. Ltd and CNECC in 2003 as a general contractor for high temperature reactors. In 2007, CGNPC contributed capital to give it a 15% share in the JV. [Index]

China Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation 

China Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (CNPE) was set up by CNNC in 2006 to rationalise design work for new nuclear plants as well as to help win overseas orders for nuclear plants. It is built on the technology basis of BINE and is also responsible for the construction, equipment procurement, trial testing and operational maintenance of nuclear power plants. Project design and management is moving from BINE to CNPE, allowing BINE to concentrate on technology planning. (NB: distinguish from CGNPC's China Nuclear Power Engineering Co Ltd – CNPEC.) Nuclear projects being undertaken by CNPE include: EPC contracting of Fuqing, Tianwan 3-4 & 5-6, Taohuajiang, and Xudabao/ Xudapu nuclear power projects. CNPE designed and proved up the ACP1000 passive residual heat removal system. [Index]

China Zhongyuan Engineering Corporation 

CZEC is an engineering subsidiary of CNNC established about 1990. It undertakes the construction of international nuclear engineering projects and has become the leader in nuclear power development in overseas markets. It is approved by the State Council as an international economic and technological cooperative enterprise. It is the general contractor for the Chashma 3 & 4 nuclear power plant in Pakistan and for the new Karachi Coastal ACP1000 plant. The Chashma project also involves China Nuclear Industry No.5 Construction Company (CNI 5), which helped CZEC build units 1 & 2 at the plant. It aims to be a world-class international nuclear engineering construction company by 2020. [Index]

CNNC Ruineng Technology Co 

CNNC Ruineng Technology Co Ltd was set up by CNNC in 2011 to industrialise used fuel reprocessing technology and mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel production to close the fuel cycle. It will also be responsible for storage and management of used fuel. [Index]

Nuclear Power Institute of China 

The Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC) is based in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, and is part of CNNC. It was set up in 1958 for nuclear reactor engineering research, design, testing and operation and has 3700 staff.

It originally focused on the nuclear propulsion system for submarines, but now is a major research institute for Nuclear Steam Supply Systems in PWRs, and has a lead role with the ACP100 small modular reactor development. Its R&D now takes in the Candu design used at Qinshan, and in particular, aspects of its fuel cycle, and since 1997 it has worked on the CNP-1000 design. It is also working on supercritical water-cooled reactor (SCWR) designs. [Index]

Shanghai Nuclear Energy Research & Design Institute 

The Shanghai Nuclear Energy Research & Design Institute (SNERDI) was founded in 1970 as part of CNNC and worked with BINE and NPIC in detailed design work for the AP1000 projects. However, SNERDI was reassigned to SNPTC in 2007 and is closely aligned with it especially on AP1000 design work, particularly development of the CAP-1400 reactor based on AP1000. (It also worked closely with AECL on reactor engineering for the Qinshan Phase III Candu reactors.) [Index]

SNERDI Engineering Consulting and Supervision Management 

SNERDI Engineering Consulting and Supervision Management Co. Ltd (SECSMC) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of SNPTC and is construction supervisor for Sanmen, under contract with Sanmen Nuclear Engineering Consulting Management Co. Ltd. [Index]

East China Electric Power Designing Institute 

The East China Electric Power Designing Institute (ECEPDI) is a project designer and contractor for conventional islands of power plants. It is working with SNERDI on designing Taohuajiang as well as Pakistan's Chashma 3 & 4 reactors, having cooperated on Chashma 1 & 2 and also Qinshan. [Index]

CPI Power Engineering – Chicago Bridge & Iron JV

CPI subsidiary, CPI Power Engineering formed a joint venture with Chicago Bridge & Iron (CB&I) from USA in October 2013. Earlier in 2013 CB&I took over the Shaw Group, which is providing EPC services for AP1000 reactor construction in China and the USA. The two companies are already collaborating on the Haiyang AP1000 project, where CB&I is providing engineering, procurement, commissioning, information management and project management services to the CPI project. The new JV will expand that relationship. [Index]

CPI Nuclear Power Technology Centre 

The CPI Nuclear Power Technology Centre (Beijing) Co Ltd was opened in December 2011 to improve CPI's supply chain. [Index]

China Resources Power Holdings 

China Resources Power Holdings Co. Ltd (CRPHC) was founded in 2001 as a subsidiary of China Resources Group in Hong Kong-based and invests in a variety of technologies including a 25% share of CNNC's Taohuajiang project in Hunan. It is keen to invest with CGNPC. [Index]

State Development and Investment Corporation 

The State Development and Investment Corporation (SDIC), through SDIC Elecrtric Power, in 2009 secured a 10% share of the Xudabao/ Xudapu nuclear power project at Huladao (Hulu Island) in northeast Liaoning. [Index]

Shandong Electric Power Construction 

The Shandong Electric Power Construction Corp. (SEPCO, www.sepcc.net) in Jinan, Shandong province also trades as Shandong Nuclear Power Construction Group Corp. It co-owns Shenzhen Shandong Nuclear Power Construction Co., Ltd (SEPCNP, see below). [Index]

Shandong Nuclear Power Equipment Manufacturing 

Shandong Nuclear Power Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd (SNPEMC) was set up in 2007 by SNPTC, which now holds a 80.36% share. China Nuclear Industry No.23 Construction Company (CNI 23) holds 16%, and another subsidiary of CNNC holds the remainder. SNPEMC designs and manufactures AP1000 reactor components, containment vessels and equipment. It is responsible for the fabrication of equipment modules, structural modules, primary pipelines and equipment for conventional island, as well as fabrication of equipment for other nuclear power plants. SNPEMC received ASME certification in June 2009. It will also be responsible for CAP1400 components. (For Shandong Nuclear Power Company see next section below.) [Index]

Shandong Electric Power Engineering Consulting Institute

SDEPCI was set up in 1958 by the State Grid Corporation and since 2007 is a subsidiary of SNPTC as a project management company which includes nuclear. It undertook the design of conventional island, balance of plant and power transmission for the Shandong Haiyang project from 2007, and is also involved with Shandong HTR-PM. [Index]

State Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation 

Based in Shanghai, the State Nuclear Power Engineering Corp. Ltd. (SNPEC, www.snpec.com.cn) is a subsidiary of SNPTC responsible for AP1000 project management and control, design, architectural work, commissioning, procurement etc. It will also be responsible for the CAP1400 project. [Index]

State Nuclear Electric Power Planning Design & Research Institute 

The State Nuclear Electric Power Planning Design & Research Institute (SNPDRI) is a subsidiary of SNPTC responsible for designing the Haiyang, Pengze and Shidaowan AP1000 project conventional islands and involved with the Shidaowan HTR project. SNPDRI was formerly the Shandong Electric Power Engineering Consulting Institute, founded in Jinan in 1958 and transferred to SNPTC in 2007. It has an agreement with Belgium's Hamon Thermal for cooperation in very large cooling towers, such as those for Xianning. [Index]

China Institute of Atomic Energy 

The China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) undertakes fundamental research on nuclear science and technology and is the leading body in relation to fast neutron reactors. It is also responsible for R&D on vitrification of high-level wastes. [Index]

Institute of Energy and New Energy Technology

This used to be simply the Institute of Nuclear Energy Technology (INET) at Tsinghua University, but has broadened its scope. INET has 20% equity in the Shidaowan 210 MWe HTR-PM demonstration plant being built by Huaneng Shandong Shidaowan Nuclear Power Co. Ltd (HSNPC) in Weihai city. It is also involved in a new plant to produce the fuel for that, run by China North Nuclear Fuel Co Ltd (CNNFC) at Baotou, Inner Mongolia. The HTR-PM is based on INET’s 10 MWt high-temperature gas-cooled demonstration reactor (HTR-10). In addition it has developed a small PWR for heat and desalination, and is researching a wide range of fuel cycle options including thorium. [Index]

China Academy of Sciences

The Academy (CAS) is responsible for major research, including that through its Shanghai Institute of Nuclear Applied Physics (SINAP), which is undertaking research on molten salt reactors and thorium. [Index]

Shenzhen Shandong Nuclear Power Construction 

The Shenzhen Shandong Nuclear Power Construction Co., Ltd (SEPCNP, www.sepcnp.com.cn) is a subsidiary of Shandong Electric Power Construction Corp. (SEPCO), with equity also held by Shandong Luneng Construction Group Co., Ltd. It was the only Chinese contractor to work on the conventional island of the Daya Bay plant and constructed the conventional island of the neighbouring Ling Ao plant. [Index]

China First Heavy Industries 

China First Heavy Industries Corp. (CFHI, www.cfhi.com) is one of China's key industrial enterprises. It produces pressure vessels and pressurisers for nuclear power plants up to 1080 MWe CPR-1000 (e.g. Hongyanhe), and components for Qinshan. It has been contracted to supply the pressure vessel for the AP1000 at Sanmen 2. [Index]

Shanghai Electric Group 

The Shanghai Electric Heavy Industries Group Corporation (SEC, www.shanghai-electric.com) includes heavy engineering and it manufactures pressure vessels, steam generators and pressurizers for PWRs. SEC subsidiaries include Shanghai Boiler Works Ltd and Shanghai Electric Nuclear Power Equipment Co Ltd (SENPE) which is increasing ingot capacity to allow fabrication of both AP1000 and EPR components. SEC has been contracted to supply the pressure vessel for the AP1000 at Haiyang 2.

Areva has a joint venture with Shanghai Electric involving a power transformer factory in Shanghai and two more to be built in Wuhan, Hubei province, and near Shanghai. Complementing this Areva is building an ultra high-voltage R&D centre in Shanghai. Siemens has a 40% share in a joint venture with Shanghai Electric to build steam and gas turbines and generators - Shanghai Electric Power Generation Equipment Co Ltd (SEPG). [Index]

China National Erzhong Group; China Dongfang Electric Corporation; China Erzhong Group (Deyang) Heavy Equipment  

China National Erzhong Group Co Ltd (China Erzhong) claims to be the largest heavy machine-building base in China, and with related company China Dongfang Electric Corporation (DEC) founded in 1984 is based inland at Deyang in Sichuan. DEC specializes in power equipment manufacturing and had supplied 110 GW of generating equipment over 20 years to the end of 2005. Alstom and DEC are supplying the turbines and 1750 MWe generators for CGNPC's Taishan EPR plant, continuing a long-standing relationship among the three. In July 2013 Alstom and DEC signed an agreement for DEC to provide turbine generators for all future AP1000 units in China based on the updated Arabelle technology with long last-stage turbine blades. DEC subsidiary Dongfang Turbine Co suffered major damage in the Sichuan earthquake in 2008. China Erzhong Group (Deyang) Heavy Equipment Ltd appears to be another subsidiary of China Erzhong, supplying main steam pipes for AP1000 units. [Index]

Dongfang (Guangzhou) Heavy Machinery 

Dongfang (Guangzhou) Heavy Machinery Co (DFHM) has equity from both DEC and China Erzhong, with Guangdong investors, and has a plant at Nansha near the coast – its workshop is a replica of Areva's Chalon/St. Marcel plant in France. It is set up to supply CPR-1000 components for CGNPC, and in June 2009 it delivered the first Chinese-made reactor pressure vessel for a 1000 MWe reactor. [Index]

Dongfang Electric Corporation 

Dongfang Electric Corporation Ltd (DEC, formerly Dongfang Electric Machinery Co), is listed in Hong Kong and in April 2009 announced a CNY 5 billion capital raising. Established in 1984, it is located in Chengdu in Sichuan Province. [Index]

Areva DongFang 

Areva has a joint venture with DEC subsidiary Dongfang Electrical Machinery Company Ltd (DFEM), set up in 2005. Areva DongFang manufactures primary reactor coolant pumps. It is supplying pumps to CNPEC for three reactors at each of Ningde and Yangjiang. [Index]

Dongfang Boiler Group 

The Dongfang Boiler Group Co Ltd manufactures large capacity power plant boilers including components of PWRs and is working with Areva to manufacture all heavy nuclear components for Ling Ao Phase II and other CGNPC projects. [Index]

Harbin Power Equipment / Harbin Electric

Harbin Power Equipment Co. Ltd (HPEC), now Harbin Electric Co Ltd (HEC), is supplying some of the equipment for the 1200 MWe steam turbines and generators for the four Sanmen and Haiyang AP1000 units, under licence from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI). Its subsidiary, Harbin Boiler Company Ltd. (formerly Harbin Boiler Works), is the largest utility boiler manufacturer in the country. Harbin Turbine Company Ltd is another subsidiary of HPEC/HEC. [Index]

China Nuclear Power Engineering Group; China Nuclear Power Design 

China Nuclear Power Engineering Group Co. Ltd (CNPEC) was set up by CGNPC (90%) in 2004 with Shenzhen Nengzhihui (10%) and plays the leading reactor engineering role in CGNPC. (NB: distinguish from CNNC's China Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation, CNPE.) China Nuclear Power Design Co is a 60% subsidiary (with 40% Guangdong Electric Power Design Institute, GEDI), established in 2005 and responsible for feasibility studies and designs. Both are part of a consortium with Alstom and DEC which is supplying turbines and generators for Taishan nuclear plant, for which Areva is supplying the nuclear part. Alstom Wuhan Engineering and Technology Co. is supporting the Chinese end of this. CNPEC holds 13.7% of Huaxing and wholly owns Engineering Technology Co (Shanghai). [Index]

China Nuclear Power Technology Research Institute 

China Nuclear Power Technology Research Institute (CNPRI) is a subsidiary of CGNPC set up in 2006 in Shenzhen as its main technology centre, with almost 1000 staff. It is based on 30 years of CGNPC's experience and promotes nuclear power development. [Index]

Beijing Reactor In-core Control 

Beijing-RIC is a joint venture of CNPRI with Areva set up in mid-2011, specializing in construction and maintenance of reactor in-core instrument and control systems for CPR-1000 reactors. It has a contract with CNPEC for the Ningde plant. [Index]

CNNC Areva Shanghai Tubing

Areva and CNNC in 2010 set up a 50-50 joint venture, CNNC Areva Shanghai Tubing (CAST) to produce zircaloy cladding tubes for nuclear fuel assemblies. [Index]

Hubei Nuclear Power Equipment 

Hubei Nuclear Power Equipment Co Ltd was founded in August 2010 by subsidiaries of SNPTC, CGNPC and China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (Shandong Nuclear Power Equipment Manufacturing Co, China Guangdong Nuclear Power Engineering Co and Wuchang Shipbuilding Heavy Industries, respectively) with SNERDI to fabricate large modules for AP1000 reactors inland for Hubei Nuclear Power Co, and later for CAP-1400 derivatives. It is based in Wuhan. [Index]

China Valves Technology 

The company makes gate and check valves up to 250 mm for nuclear plants which have passed tests administered by the China Institute of Atomic Energy and the Nuclear Power Institute of China. [Index]

State Grid Corporation of China 

SGCC (www.sgcc.com.cn) inherited most of the grid assets of CSPC in 2002 and established five regional grid companies in north, northeast, northwest, east and central China, as well as managing the power grid in Tibet. It is headquartered in Beijing, has 1.5 million employees and serves one billion people with 800 GWe. It is reported to be working with CGNPC to develop two nuclear plants in northern Jilin province and another near Shanghai.  It is ranked as the world’s eighth largest company, with revenue of $185 billion in 2009. It is making investments overseas, in Brazil, Philippines, Venezuela, Australia and Portugal so far, and aiming for $50 billion in overseas assets by 2020. [Index]

China Southern Power Grid Co Ltd 

In 2002, China Southern Power Grid (CSG, www.csg.cn) inherited the southern power grid covering south China's Guangdong, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hainan and Yunnan provinces. It is headquartered in Guangzhou and serves 230 million people with 160 GWe. [Index]

China Institute for Radiation Protection 

The China Institute for Radiation Protection is responsible for R&D on decommissioning. [Index]

Chinese Nuclear Society 

The Chinese Nuclear Society focuses on nuclear science popularization and education. [Index]

China Guangdong Nuclear Power Simulation Technology, China Nuclear Power (Beijing) Simulation Technology Corporation 

China Guangdong Nuclear Power Simulation Technology Co. (CNPSC), Ltd, and China Nuclear Power (Beijing) Simulation Technology Corporation Ltd build simulators for training nuclear power plant operators, e.g. Ningde, Yangjiang, HTR-PM. [Index]

Owner companies and organisations – power plants

Daya Bay & Ling Ao

Daya Bay is owned by Guangdong Nuclear Power Joint Venture Co Ltd, and Ling Ao by the Ling Ao Nuclear Power Co Ltd. Both sites are run by Daya Bay Nuclear Power Operations & Management Co Ltd (DNMC), which was formed in 2003 with 50% ownership by each company. In July 2009, its shares were transferred to CGNPC. Hong Kong's China Light & Power has 25% equity in Daya Bay. [Index]

Qinshan 

Qinshan is a CNNC enterprise. Phase I is owned by Qinshan Nuclear Power Co, Phase II (including units II-3 and II-4) is owned by Qinshan Nuclear Power JV Co Ltd, with a minority stake in being held by CPI. Qinshan Phase III is owned by Third Qinshan Nuclear Power Co Ltd - also part of CNNC but with China Electric Power Group Corporation, Zhejiang Provincial Electric Power Corporation, Zhejiang Provincial Electric Power Development Corporation, Shenergy (Group) Co Ltd and Jiangsu International Trust & Investment Corporation as other shareholders. In May 2013, Zhejiang Zheneng Electric Power Co., Ltd said it was planning to invest CNY 1.4 billion to hold 28% of Qinshan NPP. [Index]

Jiangsu Tianwan 

Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC) was established in 1997 to construct and operate the Tianwan nuclear plant, with four units then planned (Phases I & II) and space for four more. Two units are now operating and two are under construction. CNNC owns 50% share, CPI 30% and Jiangsu Guoxin Group 20%. [Index]

Liaoning Hongyanhe NP 

Early in 2005, Liaoning Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Company Ltd. (LHNP) was established in Liaoning Province by CPI, and will be responsible for the Hongyanhe nuclear power project in Dalian City. 45% is held by CPI, 45% by CGNPC and 10% by Dalian Municipal Construction Investment Corp. CGNPC will be responsible for construction (through CNPEC) and the first five years commercial operation of the plant. CNPDC did the design. [Index]

Liaoning Nuclear Power, Xudabao/Xudapu 

Liaoning Nuclear Power Co Ltd was set up in March 2009 to build the Xudabao (Xudapu) nuclear power plant (6 x 1000 MWe) on Hulu Island in Liaoning province with CNNC as majority owner, and 20% equity from China Datang and 10% from SDIC. Construction was expected to start in 2009, for operation in 2014, but the EPC contract was still being negotiated with CNPE at the end of 2011. Total cost is expected to be over CNY 90 billion. [Index]

Shandong Hongshiding 

The Shandong Hongshiding Nuclear Power Co Ltd is developer of a new plant at Hongshiding, in Rushan city and has 51% holding by CNECC/CNNC, with Huadian Power International Co and two investment companies. [Index]

Shandong Haiyang 

The Shandong Nuclear Power Company Ltd (SDNPC) is a subsidiary of CPI and was established at Yantai in July 2004 to undertake the development, construction, operation and management of the Shandong Haiyang nuclear power project, building AP1000 reactors. CPI owns 65%, CNNC 5%, China Guodian Corporation (5%), Shandong International Trust & Investment Corporation (10%), Yantai Electric Power Development Co (10%), CHNG Energy & Transportation Industrial (Holding) Co. Ltd (5%). [Index]

Ningde 

Ningde Nuclear Power Co Ltd (NDNP) was set up in 2006 by CGN and China Datang Corporation. CGN holds 46% of the project, Datang International Power Generation Co. 44% and Fujian Energy Group holds 10% in the joint venture to build the first (4-unit) phase of the 6-unit Ningde nuclear plant in Fuding city in Fujian province. [Index]

Fujian Fuqing 

The Fujian Fuqing Nuclear Co Ltd was set up in May 2006 by CNNC (51%) as a joint venture company with China Huadian Corp (49%) to build the Fuqing plant in Fuqing city in Fujian province. The first two units of six 1000 MWe reactors are estimated to cost US$ 2.8 billion. [Index]

Xianning & Guangshui, Hubei 

Hubei Nuclear Power Co Ltd was set up by CGNPC and Hubei Energy Group in June 2008 to build the large Xianning AP1000 plant at Dafan in Xishui county, Xianning city, Hubei province. The first two phase involve four reactors, the third phase, four more. The same company is reported to be planning a four-unit AP1000 plant at Guangshui city in the northeast of the province. [Index]

Guangxi Fangchenggang 

Guangxi Fangchenggang Nuclear Power Co Ltd is a joint venture of China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Company (CGNPC, 61%) and Guangxi Investment Group (39%). CGNPC (40%), CPI (40%) and Guangxi Investment Group Co Ltd (20%) had signed a framework agreement in July 2006 to invest US$ 3.1 billion in the first two units of the 6000 MWe Fangchenggang (Hongsha) nuclear power plant at Beibu Bay, near Bailong in Guangxi Autonomous Region of southern China. [Index]

Sanmen 

CNNC owns 51% of the Sanmen Nuclear Power Company Ltd, which was set up in April 2005 to build and own the Sanmen project. Other shareholders are the provincial government's Zhejiang Energy Company (Group) Ltd., China Electricity Investment Nuclear Power Company, China Huadian Co Ltd. and CNECC. [Index]

Yangjiang 

Yangjiang Nuclear Power Co Ltd (YJNPC) was set up in 2005 under CGNPC to construct Yangjiang nuclear power station. China Light & Power in Hong Kong through its subsidiary CLP Nuclear Investment Co. agreed to take 17% equity in the six-unit plant, the total cost of which is CNY 70 billion ($10.9 billion), funded by equity and loans, but negotiations on this failed in 2013. Other investors include Guangdong Yudean Group Co. and CGN Phase I Private Equity Fund Co. CNPEC is responsible for the EPC contract and from 2012 YJNPC took charge of the operating. [Index]

Guangdong Taishan 

Guangdong Taishan Nuclear Power Joint Venture Company is set up as a CGNPC subsidiary with 30% held by Electricite de France (EDF) to build, own and operate the Taishan nuclear plant. [Index]

Anhui Wuhu 

Anhui Wuhu Nuclear Power Co was set up following agreement in May 2007 by CGNPC (51%), Shenergy Co. of Shanghai (20%), Shanghai Electric Power Co (14%) and Anhui Province Energy Group Co or Wenergy Co Ltd (15%) to build the $2.9 billion first phase (2 x 1000 MWe) of the Wuhu plant to commence operation in 2015. The first four CPR-1000 units are expected to cost $7.32 billion. [Index]

Hainan 

The Hainan Nuclear Power Company Ltd was set up by CNNC (51%) and China Huaneng Group (CHNG) as a joint venture to build the Changjiang nuclear power plant on Hainan Island, with two 650 MWe reactors. CHNG, now Huaneng Power International (HPI) in particular, will take the lead in a second phase of the plant. [Index]

Hunan 

Hunan Nuclear Power Company Ltd was set up about 2006 by CPI (45%) with the Hunan government to build the 4000 MWe Xiaomoshan nuclear power plant in Yueyang city on the Yangtze River. As of August 2009 this apparently did not have development approval. [Index]

Pengze 

CPI's Jiangxi Pengze Nuclear Power Project is in Jiangxi province on the Yangtze River and will use AP1000 technology. An investment agreement was signed in October 2009 so that CPI will contribute 55%, Jiangxi Ganneng 20%, Jiangxi Ganyue Expressway 20% and Shenzhen Nanshan Power 5% to establish the Pengze Nuclear Power Co. [Index]

Taohuajiang 

The CNNC Hunan Taohuajiang Nuclear Power Co Ltd was set up in February 2007 by CNNC to build the Taohuajiang nuclear power plant at Yiyang city, in inland Hunan province. CNNC (50%) is in joint venture with China Three Gorges Group (CTG, 20%), China Resources Power Engineering Service Co Ltd (25%) and Hunan Xiangtou Investment Holding Group Co Ltd (5%) to build and operate a nuclear power plant in two stages. Initially this was to be 4x1000 MWe but in 2009 it was confirmed as an AP1000 project. In 2009, China Resources Power Holdings Co Ltd (CRPHC) took the 25% stake in the project formerly owned by its subsidiary. The project is expected to cost CNY 67 billion ($10.9 billion). [Index]

Huaneng Shidaowan HTR

The Shidaowan 210 MWe HTR-PM demonstration plant is being built by Huaneng Shandong Shidaowan Nuclear Power Co. Ltd (HSNPC) in Weihai city. It will be the future operator. China Huaneng Group (CHNG) is the lead organization in the joint venture with 47.5% share. China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Group (CNECC) has a 32.5% stake and Tsinghua University INET 20%. Chinergy is also involved in the project, as main contractor for the nuclear island. [Index]

Shidaowan  PWR

The 4000 MWe Shidaowan nuclear power plant in Rongcheng, Weihei city, Shandong was to be a joint venture of the Huaneng Nuclear Power Development Co Ltd and CGN, with further partners to become involved as State Council approval was sought. In October 2009, the Huaneng Shidaowan Nuclear Power Development Company Ltd was set up with capital contribution 40% China Huaneng Group (CHNG), 30% Huaneng International Power Development Corp. (HIPDC) and 30% Huaneng Power International (HPI), both being CHNG subsidiaries. Registered capital is RMB 1 billion. It is not clear what this company does. [Index]

In December 2009 SNPTC and the China Huaneng Group (CHNG) set up the State Nuclear Power Demonstration Plant Company (SNPDP) as a 55-45% joint venture to have overall responsibility for building and operating four CAP1400 reactors at Shidaowan and subsequent CAP1700 reactors, the first two CAP1400s being demonstration units. It would also sell electricity from them. The total investment is estimated at RMB 5 billion. [Index]

The Huaneng Nuclear Power Development Co Ltd was set up in 2005 and signed an agreement in 2007 to build four CPR-1000 reactors at Shidaowan, but now appears defunct.

Sanming 

In April 2010, CNNC established Sanming Nuclear Power Co Ltd as a joint venture company with the Fujian Investment & Development Corp and Sanming municipal government, CNNC retaining a majority stake. CIAE and CNEIC had signed the agreement with Russia's Atomstroyexport for the two BN-800 fast neutron reactors in October 2009. NIAEP-Atomstroyexport expects contracts for this to be in place about the end of 2014. In August 2014 China Three Gorges Group (CTG) agreed to participate in the project. [Index]

Yanjiashan 

In August 2009, CNNC (51%) signed a joint venture agreement with Jiangxi Ganneng Co. Ltd and Jiangxi Ganyue Expressway Co Ltd (49% between them) setting up Jiangxi Nuclear Power Co to build the Wanan Yanjiashan nuclear power project at Ji'an in Jiangxi province. [Index]

Jilin 

Jilin Nuclear Power is a subsidiary of CGNPC developing nuclear power plants at Changchun and Liangjiashan in northern Jilin province, and also Shanghai's Songjiang district, with GD Power Development Co Ltd. [Index]

Zhangzhou – large units

Nuclear Guodian Zhangzhou Energy Co. Ltd., was established in November 2011, by CNNC (51%) and China Guodian Corporation (49%). A proposal for a six-unit AP1000 power station was submitted to NDRC in August 2010. [Index]

Huizhou

China Guangdong Huizhou Nuclear Power Co is the project company for this plant in Huangbu town near Daya Bay. Huizhou Municipal Government and China Guangdong Nuclear Power Corporation (CGN) signed the framework agreement on constructing Huizhou nuclear power plant in April 2009. [Index]

Cangzhou

CNNC Huadian Hebei Nuclear Power Corp. was set up in 2014 to develop the Cangzhou nuclear plant in Hebei province, with six AP1000 reactors, 90 km inland from Tianjin. CNNP will hold a 51% share, Huadian Power 39% and Jionto Energy Investment Co. 10%. The first phase will be two units costing CNY 8.4 billion ($1.36 billion). [Index]


Index 

Anhui Wuhu
Areva DongFang
Beijing Institute of Nuclear Engineering
Beijing Reactor In-core Control
Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology
Cangzhou
CGNPC Uranium Resource
China Academy of Sciences
China Atomic Energy Authority
China Baotau Nuclear Fuel
China Datang Corporation
China Dongfang Electric Corporation
China Erzhong Group (Deyang) Heavy Equipment
China First Heavy Industries
China General Nuclear Power Group (formerly China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group)
China Guangdong Nuclear Power Simulation Technology
China Guodian Corporation
China Huadian Corp
China Huaneng Group
China Institute of Atomic Energy
China Institute for Radiation Protection
China National Erzhong Group
China National Nuclear Corporation
China National Nuclear Power Co
China National Uranium Corporation
China North Nuclear Fuel
China Nuclear Energy Association
China Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation
China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Group
China Nuclear Fuel Co
China Nuclear Fuel Element Co
China Nuclear Industry Alliance
China Nuclear Industry Huaxing Construction Co
China Nuclear Industry No.5 Construction Co
China Nuclear Industry No.23 Construction Co
China Nuclear International Uranium Corporation
China Nuclear Power (Beijing) Simulation Technology Corporation
China Nuclear Power Design
China Nuclear Power Engineering
China Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation
China Nuclear Power Technology Research Institute
China Power Engineering Consulting Group Corporation
China Power Investment Corporation
China Resources Power Holdings
China Southern Power Grid Co Ltd
China State Power Corporation
China Three Gorges Group
China Uranium Development
China Valves Technology
China Yangtze Power
China Zhongyuan Engineering Corporation
Chinergy
Chinese Nuclear Society
CNNC Areva Shanghai Tubing
CNNC Geology & Mining Department
CNNC International
CNNC New Energy Corporation
CNNC Nuclear Energy Power
CNNC Overseas Uranium Holding
CNNC Ruineng Technology Co
CPI Nuclear Power Technology Centre
CPI Power Engineering – Chicago Bridge & Iron JV
Daya Bay
Dongfang Boiler Group
Dongfang Electric Corporation
Dongfang (Guangzhou) Heavy Machinery
East China Electric Power Designing Institute
Fujian Fuqing
Guangdong Taishan
Guangshui
Guangxi Fangchenggang
Hainan
Harbin Power Equipment
Hongyanhe
Huadian International Power Corporation Ltd
Huaneng International Power Development Corporation
Huaneng Nuclear Power Development Co Ltd
Huaneng Power International
Huaneng Shidaowan Nuclear Power Co.
Hubei
Hubei Nuclear Power Equipment
Huizhou
Hunan
Hunan Taohuajiang
Institute of Energy and New Energy Technology
Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation
Jilin Nuclear Power
Liaoning Hongyanhe
Liaoning Nuclear Power, Xudabao
Ministry of Environmental Protection
Ministry of Science & Technology
National Development and Reform Commission
National Energy Administration
National Energy Commission
National Nuclear Safety Administration
Ningde
Nuclear Power Institute of China
Pengze
Qinshan
Research Institute for Nuclear Power Operations
Rongcheng
Sanmen
Sanming
Shandong Electric Power Construction
Shandong Electric Power Engineering Consulting Institute
Shandong Hongshiding
Shandong Nuclear Power Company
Shandong Nuclear Power Equipment Manufacturing
Shanghai Electric Heavy Industries Group
Shanghai Nuclear Energy Research & Design Institute
Shenzhen Shandong Nuclear Power Construction
Shidaowan Nuclear Power Development Company
Sinosteel
SNERDI Engineering Consulting and Supervision Management
tate Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence
State Development and Investment Corporation
State Grid Corporation of China
State Nuclear Demonstration Company
State Nuclear Power Automation System Engineering Company
State Nuclear Power Demonstration Plant Company
State Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation
State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation
SNPTC-WEC Nuclear Power Technical Services
State-owned Assets Supervision & Administration Commission
Tianwan
Taishan
Taohuajiang
Wuhu
Xianning
Xudabao
Yangjiang
Yanjiashan
Zhangzhou


Further Information

Related information pages

Nuclear Power in China

References

1. See webpage on China Nuclear International Uranium Corporation on CNNC website (www.cnnc.com.cn) [Back]