Nuclear Wastes

  • Waste Management Overview

    Like all industries, the thermal generation of electricity produces wastes. Whatever fuel is used, these wastes must be managed in ways which safeguard human health and minimise their impact on the environment.

  • Radioactive Waste Management

    Nuclear wastes are neither particularly hazardous nor hard to manage relative to other toxic industrial wastes. The amount of radioactive wastes is very small relative to wastes produced by fossil fuel electricity generation. Safe methods for the final disposal of high-level radioactive waste are technically proven.

  • Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities

    Decommissioning costs for nuclear power plants, including disposal of associated wastes, are reducing and contribute only a small fraction of the total cost of electricity generation. Proven techniques and equipment are available to dismantle nuclear facilities.

  • International Nuclear Waste Disposal Concepts

    There have been several proposal for regional and international repositories for disposal of high-level nuclear wastes and in 2003 the concept received strong endorsement from the head of IAEA. 

  • Radioactive Wastes - Myths and Realities

     There are a number of pervasive myths regarding both radiation and radioactive wastes. Some lead to regulation and actions which are counter-productive to human health and safety.

  • Synroc

    Synroc is basically a ceramic made from several natural minerals which together incorporate into their crystal structures nearly all of the elements present in high level radioactive waste. Recent developments are of specialised forms to immobilise plutonium, and of composite glass-ceramic wasteforms.