Germany until March 2011 obtained one quarter of its electricity from nuclear energy, using 17 reactors. Following the Fukushima accident in 2011, eight reactors shut down immediately with the remaining reactors to be phased out over the coming decade.
Hungary has 4 nuclear reactors generating more than a third of its electricity. Its first commercial nuclear power reactor began operating in 1982. Government support for nuclear energy is strong.
India has a flourishing and largely indigenous nuclear power program and expects to have 14,600 MWe nuclear capacity on line by 2024. It aims to supply 25% of electricity from nuclear power by 2050. India has a vision of becoming a world leader in nuclear technology due to its expertise in fast reactors and thorium fuel cycle.
Indonesia's population of 242 million is served by power generation capacity of only 35 GWe, producing 182 billion kWh in 2011. A 10 MWe experimental nuclear power plant is planned to be built at Serpong, near Jakarta. Conceptual design has been completed by Russia.
A large nuclear power plant has started up in Iran, after many years construction, and been grid-connected. The country also has a major program developing uranium enrichment, and this was concealed for many years.
Italy has had four operating nuclear power reactors but shut the last two down following the Chernobyl accident. Around 10% of electricity consumed in Italy is now from nuclear power - all imported.
Japan has a full nuclear fuel cycle set-up, including enrichment and reprocessing of used fuel for recycle. Nuclear energy has been a national strategic priority since 1973.
Japan needs to import some 84% of its energy requirements. Nuclear energy has been a national strategic priority since 1973. Following the 2011 Fukushima accident this policy is under review.
Jordan imports most of its energy and seeks greater energy security as well as lower electricity prices. It expects to start building a 750-1200 MWe nuclear power unit in 2013 for operation by 2020 and a second one for operation by 2025. Jordan has significant uranium resources, some in phosphorite deposits.
Kazakhstan has 12% of the world's uranium resources and an expanding mining sector. It is the world's leading uranium producer. The government is committed to increased uranium exports, and is considering future options for nuclear power.
Kyrgyzstan has some uranium deposits and has supplied Russia in the past. It hosts a uranium mill which treats Kazakh uranium ore on toll basis.
Lithuania closed its last nuclear reactor, which had been generating 70% of its electricity, at the end of 2009. Electricity was a major export until the closure of Lithuania's nuclear plant. A new nuclear plant is planned but a 2012 referendum has introduced some uncertainty.
Mexico has two nuclear reactors generating almost 4% of its electricity. Its first commercial nuclear power reactor began operating in 1989.
Uranium was produced from the Dornod deposit in Mongolia by Russian interests to 1995. Mongolia has substantial known uranium resources and geological prospectivity for more. Since 2008 Russia has re-established its position in developing Mongolian uranium.
Namibia has two significant uranium mines capable of providing 10% of world mining output. Its first commercial uranium mine began operating in 1976. There is strong government support for expanding uranium mining and some interest in using nuclear power.
Netherlands has one nuclear reactor generating about 4% of its electricity. At least one large new unit is proposed. A previous decision to phase out nuclear power has been reversed. Public and political support is increasing for expanding nuclear energy.
New Zealand is one of the few developed countries not using electricity (indigenous or imported) from nuclear energy. As hydro-electric potential was progressively utilized, nuclear power featured in national power plans from 1969 to 1976.
Niger has two significant uranium mines providing 7.5% of world mining output from Africa's highest-grade uranium ores. Niger's first commercial uranium mine began operating in 1971.