Countries G-N


Germany until March 2011 obtained one-quarter of its electricity from nuclear energy, using 17 reactors. Following the Fukushima accident in Japan in March 2011, eight reactors shut down immediately with the remaining reactors phased out by April 2023.


Hungary has four nuclear reactors generating about half of its electricity. Its first commercial nuclear power reactor began operating in 1982. Government support for nuclear energy is strong.


India has a largely indigenous nuclear power programme and has ambitious plans to expand nuclear capacity. The country has a vision of becoming a world leader in nuclear technology due to its expertise in fast reactors and thorium fuel cycle.


Indonesia's population of about 260 million is served by power generation capacity of only about 70 GWe. A 10 MWe experimental nuclear power reactor is planned to be built at Serpong, near Jakarta. Conceptual design has been completed by Russia.


Following many years of construction, Iran's first nuclear power reactor started up in 2011. Two further large Russian-designed units are planned, the first of which commenced construction in November 2019. The country also has a major programme developing uranium enrichment, and this was concealed for many years.


Italy has had four operating nuclear power reactors but shut the last two down following the Chernobyl accident. About 6-8% of the electricity consumed in Italy is from nuclear power – all imported.

Japan: Nuclear Power

Japan needs to import some 90% of its energy requirements. Nuclear energy has been a national strategic priority since 1973. Following the 2011 Fukushima accident this policy was reviewed and reaffirmed.

Japan: Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Japan has a full nuclear fuel cycle set-up, including enrichment and reprocessing of used fuel for recycle. Nuclear energy has been a national strategic priority since 1973.


Jordan imports most of its energy and seeks greater energy security as well as lower electricity prices. It had been planning to build a 2000 MWe nuclear power plant for operation by 2025, to provide nearly half its electricity, but is now considering the use of small modular reactors instead. Jordan has significant uranium resources, some in phosphorite deposits.


Kazakhstan has 12% of the world's uranium resources. It is the world's leading uranium producer. The government is committed to increased uranium exports, and is considering future options for nuclear power.


Kyrgyzstan has some uranium deposits and has supplied Russia in the past. It hosts a uranium mill which treats Kazakh uranium ore on a toll basis.


Lithuania closed its last nuclear reactor, which had been generating 70% of its electricity, at the end of 2009. Electricity was a major export until the closure of Lithuania's nuclear plant.


Mexico has two nuclear reactors generating almost 4% of its electricity. Its first commercial nuclear power reactor began operating in 1989.


Uranium was produced from the Dornod deposit in Mongolia by Russian interests to 1995. Mongolia has substantial known uranium resources and geological prospectivity for more. Since 2008 Russia has re-established its position in developing Mongolian uranium.


Namibia has significant uranium mines capable of providing 10% of world mining output. Its first commercial uranium mine began operating in 1976. There is strong government support for expanding uranium mining and some interest in using nuclear power.


The Netherlands has one nuclear reactor generating a small amount of its electricity. A previous decision to phase out nuclear power has been reversed. Public and political support is increasing for expanding nuclear energy.

New Zealand

New Zealand is one of the few developed countries not using electricity (indigenous or imported) from nuclear energy. As hydro-electric potential was progressively utilized, nuclear power featured in national power plans from 1969 to 1976.


Niger has two significant uranium mines providing about 5% of world mining output from Africa's highest-grade uranium ores. Niger's first commercial uranium mine began operating in 1971.